Motion Detectors and You – How They Work

There is definitely some mystery surrounding motion sensors. They are a core element of most alarm systems, and it’s rare that I see an alarm system without at least one motion sensor. So, let’s dig into what they really do.

Motion Sensor

Motion Sensor

Motion sensors detect and report motion – in most cases when nobody is home. That’s why they are normally not “awake” when you arm your system for the night (see my recent post for a reminder on “Stay” vs. “Away” arming).  It’s usually not practical to puta sensor on every window, and you usually don’t need to, since you can use motion sensors and glass break detectors to get the protection you need more affordably. Plus, motion sensors have come a long way from the original models – much more reliable, and less prone to false alarms.
How do they work?
The early motion sensors were considered “active” devices, because they emitted energy (microwave or ultrasonic) to see what was happening around them. There are some still some microwave sensors being installed in commercial spaces. Today the most common motion sensor uses Passive Infra-Red energy to detect heat given off by people (and animals!) – hence the name “PIR” given to the device. The smart detectors look for objects warmer than the normal background temperature, using a special lens to create “beams” of passive energy, and then look for motion: when the sensor detects a “warm” object moving across several beams within a specified time frame – that trips the alarm. If you want more of the science, here is a great link for the specifics.

 

Motion Sensor Home Security

Motion Sensor Home Security

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